|Prophy (Regular Cleanings)
A prophy includes a series of procedures where plaque, calculus, and stain are removed from all surfaces of the teeth above the gumline. This is done with hand instruments, ultrasonic scalers, and coronal polishing. Only a licensed dental professional is qualified to determine the need for oral prophylaxis. Only a dentist, dental hygienist, and trained dental assistant can perform the procedure.
A periodontal maintenance procedure (PMP) is defined as a procedure that is recommended following periodontal treatment (such as scaling and root planing) and continues at varying intervals, determined by the clinical evaluation of the dentist.
These intervals can be as frequent as every two months and they can be extended as long as six months, depending on the patient. Keeping up you're your PMP interval is important because periodontal disease can recur without adequate follow up.
PMP includes removal of plaque and tartar above and below the gums, scaling and root planing of specific areas, and polishing. PMP is always completed following active periodontal treatment such as scaling and root planing or more extensive gum surgery.
Scaling and Root Planing
Scaling and Root Planing is a special type of treatment that goes deeper BELOW the gum line to remove contaminated debris and bacteria, most often performed on patients with active periodontitis.
This seems to be a procedure that causes so much confusion for patients in trying to understand the difference between "just a cleaning" and Scaling and Root Planing, and the need/reason for this procedure.
Scaling and Root Planing is done to remove soft sticky plaque and hard crusty calculus that is loaded with bacteria, around and BELOW the gum line on root surfaces. A professional polishing or prophy removes only the soft sticky plaque and hard crusty calculus that is ABOVE the gum line on the crown of the tooth. It is a method of treating gum disease when pockets formed around the teeth have a measurement of greater than 3mm and there is evidence of bleeding and tissue attachment loss.
Scaling is a procedure that meticulously removes contaminated biofilm, plaque, calculus, micro-organisms, and toxins from around the gum line down to the bottom of each periodontal pocket in order to obtain a healing response.
2. Root Planing
Root planing involves smoothing the root surfaces of your teeth with thin instruments so gum tissue can more firmly reattach to roots that are clean and smooth to prevent tooth loss and sensitivity problems. This procedure makes it more difficult for plaque, calculus, and bacteria to accumulate along these root surfaces.
Because this procedure goes deeper than a regular cleaning, your mouth may be numbed. The cleaning may take one to six visits to complete. Depending on the extent of the disease, you may need one or more quadrants of the mouth to be treated with scaling and root planing.
Some Reasons Why Root Planning May Be Necessary
• To control the growth of harmful bacteria. (bacteria ABOVE the gum line are less aggressive bacteria whereas the bacteria BELOW the gum are more DESTRUCTIVE and DANGEROUS!
• Helps pocket wall reattach firmly to the clean root surface to create a pocket depth that can be better maintained by patient
• Prevent further bleeding of the gums from disease
• Reduces inflammation
• Reduces discomfort
• Prevent bone loss
• Prevent gum disease related tooth loss
• Reduce systemic disease
Home Care after Root Planing and Scaling
1. Rinse with warm salt water every few hours (1/2 tsp. salt in 8oz water) for the remainder of the day to encourage healing and sooth discomfort.
2. Be careful not to bite or chew your lip, cheek or tongue while they are numb. Avoid chewing for 2 hours after this procedure or until numbness has worn off.
3. Keep your fingers and tongue away from the areas that have been treated.
4. Take Tylenol or ibuprofen according to directions on the manufacturer label for a couple of days to help with the discomfort; do NOT take Aspirin because it may prolong bleeding.
5. Rinse your mouth with Closys or Chlorohexidine, if prescribed by dentist, to reduce oral bacteria.
6. Do not smoke or chew tobacco for 72 hours after the procedure to allow for healing.
7. Gently brush and floss your teeth after each meal.
How you care for your teeth and gums at home after treatment is critical to reduce the risk of recurring periodontal disease.
|Minor Dental Cracks Are Often More Dangerous Than They Appear
|Many people have tiny hairline cracks in their teeth. They know they are there, but do not worry much about them. If the crack is inside the tooth but not all the way through the enamel, then watching the crack to see if it gets larger may be the best option. However, when the crack completely comes through the enamel, then it needs treatment. If you don't get it treated, it could lead to the loss of your tooth or worse.
How Can a Minor Dental Crack Cause Such Chaos?
Think of a minor dental crack like a tiny divot in the road. Most of the time, that divot is only going to sit there and look unsightly. However, eventually, trucks and cars are going to drive over it and knock some of the cement or blacktop out, causing it to get larger. The same goes with your tooth. Each time you bite down on the cracked tooth, it opens and gets larger, even microscopically. Not only does the crack grow a little at a time, but it also opens enough to allow bacteria in each time. This means the tooth is going to be able to start decaying from within that crack over time.
The only way to ensure that a dental crack does not completely ruin a tooth is to make sure we treat it as soon as it poses a problem. For a minor cracks watching is often the best options. But if it's more than minor, it may need treatment. We have options! If you have a cracked tooth, or even suspect that a tooth may have a crack in it, contact us and let us take a look we will help you decide what to do.