A crown (or cap) is a covering that encases the entire tooth surface restoring it to its original shape and size. A crown protects and strengthens the tooth structure giving the tooth a longer life than it would have if restored by fillings or other types of restorations.
There are three common types of crowns, All Porcelain (tooth colored), Porcelain Fused To Metal, and Gold.
A very aesthetically pleasing material usually recommended for front teeth only. There is a high risk of fracturing this type of crown when used to restore back teeth.
Porcelain Fused To Metal
A metal based crown with porcelain baked to the outside to make it more cosmetic. This type of crown is great for someone who wants a tooth colored crown but still wants durability. There is still a risk of fracturing these types of crowns but usually it is just the outside porcelain that chips off.
This type of crown is very durable! Mostly they are recommended for back teeth where the crown cannot be seen. They are often recommended for people who grind or clinch their teeth. Gold crowns are most like your natural teeth and your tissue adapts best to this material. Also, less actual tooth structure needs to be removed for this type of crown.
If a crown is needed, Dr. Layer will discuss what type of crown would be best for you.
Reasons For Crowns
What does getting a crown involve?
A crown procedure usually requires two appointments. Your first appointment will include taking impressions that will be used to create your custom crown. A mold will also be used to create a temporary crown which will stay on your tooth for approximately two weeks until your new crown is fabricated by a dental laboratory.
While the tooth is numb, the dentist will prepare the tooth by removing any decay and shaping the surface to properly fit the crown. Once these details are accomplished, your temporary crown will be placed with temporary cement and your bite will be checked to ensure you are biting properly.
At your second appointment your temporary crown will be removed, the tooth will be cleaned, and your new crown will be carefully placed to ensure the spacing and bite are accurate.
You will be given care instructions and encouraged to have regular dental visits to check your crown. As always, proper oral hygiene will help extend the life of your new crown.